Computer Parts Guide

Discussion in 'What Notebook Should I Buy?' started by Galm, Jan 10, 2017.

Thread Status:
Not open for further replies.
  1. Galm

    Galm "Stand By, We're Analyzing The Situation!"

    Reputations:
    1,228
    Messages:
    5,704
    Likes Received:
    2,949
    Trophy Points:
    331
    Hello again people!

    Simple guide today designed to as simply as possible break down what the specs of a computer mean!

    CPU (Central Processing Unit):

    This is the "brain" of the computer. It does all of the calculations and work for everything your doing with the exception of graphics.

    To be easier to understand think of it like a person sitting at a desk who is doing things.

    Important terms:
    Core Count (typically 2-4):
    The number of cores directly correlates to performance
    Clockspeed (Measured in GHz where 4+ GHz is currently high end): The higher the number the faster the processor

    RAM (Random Access Memory):

    This is what allows the computer to multitask. When your computer slows down because you have 1000 chrome tabs open, your probably running out of ram.

    Think of ram as desk space, how much room you have to place things.

    Important Terms:
    Clockspeed:
    2133MHz and up is the clockspeed for DDR4 RAM. Not important for most workloads

    Storage:

    Stores your programs, photos, documents, and more for the long term for you to access whenever.

    Think of storage as the drawers at the desk.

    Important Terms:
    Hard Drive:
    Older type of storage. Slower but cheaper to get high in higher capacities
    Solid State Drive: Newer type of storage. More expensive but far faster than hard drives
    Capacity: Typically measures in Gigabytes or Terabytes this represents how much data you can store.

    GPU (Graphics Processing Unit or Graphics Card):

    This is the processor in charge of solely graphics. Gaming, video playback, and everything you see on screen uses the graphics card.

    Gaming needs a good graphics card!

    CPU: https://thumbs.gfycat.com/ShoddyLankyJaguar-max-1mb.gif
    GPU: https://i.makeagif.com/media/7-21-2015/KY2I87.gif


    The gifs show that a cpu does things one at a time (though well) and a gpu does things a lot at a time (with weaker tasks per core but a ton of cores to make up for it).

    Important Terms:
    VRAM (Video RAM):
    Ram the grahics card uses to store textures. More =/= faster! It does mean you can store higher resolution textures though. 4GB is becoming the standard and up for current gpus.
    Core Count: This depends on AMD vs Nvidia, but the more cores the better. Just note AMD and Nvidia cores don't "weigh" the same. So fewer cores from one doesn't mean necessarily it's slower than another from the other company.
    Clock Speed: Measured in MHz, faster is better.

    Monitor:

    This is the screen you look at to interact with the computer.

    Picture the computer screen on your desk :)

    Important Terms:
    Resolution:
    How crisp the picture will look. 1080p is FHD or Full High Definition and is the standard. But other resolutions are fairly common like 768p, 1440p, and 2160p (4k).
    Refresh Rate: How smooth the pictures will be. 60Hz is the standard and means the screen updates 60 times per second, but many gaming laptops are starting to offer 120Hz refresh rates which look noticeably smoother for gaming and general usage.
    GSync/FreeSync: Technology for Nvidia and AMD respectively that stops tearing and stuttering when gaming.





    Feel free to give feedback! I'd love to hear it!
     
    Last edited: Jun 12, 2018
  2. Galm

    Galm "Stand By, We're Analyzing The Situation!"

    Reputations:
    1,228
    Messages:
    5,704
    Likes Received:
    2,949
    Trophy Points:
    331
    Reserved.
     
  3. Galm

    Galm "Stand By, We're Analyzing The Situation!"

    Reputations:
    1,228
    Messages:
    5,704
    Likes Received:
    2,949
    Trophy Points:
    331
    Oh and feel free to post any questions about any other parts or specifics here.
     
  4. ichangedmyname

    ichangedmyname Notebook Consultant

    Reputations:
    9
    Messages:
    126
    Likes Received:
    45
    Trophy Points:
    41
    thank you for all these guides recently, build quality/control guide was really great

    you consistantly bolded the words before colon, but clock speed isn't bolded
     
    Vasudev likes this.
  5. Galm

    Galm "Stand By, We're Analyzing The Situation!"

    Reputations:
    1,228
    Messages:
    5,704
    Likes Received:
    2,949
    Trophy Points:
    331
    Thanks! Glad it helped.

    And fixed.
     
    Vasudev likes this.
  6. sicily428

    sicily428 Donuts!! :)

    Reputations:
    780
    Messages:
    3,579
    Likes Received:
    1,946
    Trophy Points:
    231
    You could add Lga/soldered cpus, mxm/soldered gpus differences
    and wifi/Lte cards
     
    Vasudev likes this.
  7. ThatOldGuy

    ThatOldGuy Notebook Virtuoso

    Reputations:
    1,237
    Messages:
    2,383
    Likes Received:
    2,458
    Trophy Points:
    181
    This is a nice little guide for the beginners

    Add PSU. Needed because of Razer and others not giving proper wattage PSUs with GTX 1080

    Also PCH, because a few laptops are having trouble properly cooling PCH (see Alienware threads)

    Monitor should be eddited to "Panel" or just "Screen". Monitors are external.
    Under Panel, a quick explanation of TN, LED, IPS, and OLED
     
    Last edited: Sep 21, 2017
    Galm and sicily428 like this.
Loading...
Thread Status:
Not open for further replies.

Share This Page