Insurance Institute for Highway Safety Highway Loss Data Institute SPECIAL ISSUE: AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES August 7, 2018|Volume 53, Number 4 http://www.iihs.org/iihs/sr "EVALUATING AUTONOMYIIHS examines driver assistance features in road, track tests On-road and track tests of adaptive cruise control and active lane-keeping show performance can be inconsistent in typical driving situations. Fatal Tesla crash highlights risk of partial automation A deadly crash of a Tesla Model X demonstrates the operational limits of advanced driver assistance systems and the dangers of putting too much trust in them. Fewer physical damage, injury liability claims for Model S with advanced features The combined crash avoidance features on the Tesla Model S are reducing property damage and injury liability claims. Adding "Autopilot," meanwhile, cuts collision claims. Fatal Uber crash shows risks of testing on public roads In the fatal crash of an experimental Uber vehicle, the company had disabled the SUV's pedestrian detection and automatic emergency braking systems. SIDEBAR | Why good headlights matter Some of the sensors used by the Uber vehicle that struck and killed a pedestrian rely on ambient light, just like human eyes. Lax U.S. oversight of industry jeopardizes public safety The current, pro-technology approach to regulating the testing and eventual deployment of autonomous vehicles in the U.S. lacks adequate safeguards. Uber Death May Have Been Avoidable With Volvo's Technology Crash-avoidance technology was disabled during test drive; NTSB investigation is active; Uber has implemented safeguards By Sarah Gardner, August 6, 2018 https://www.bloomberg.com/news/arti...ve-been-avoidable-with-volvo-s-tech-iihs-says "The Uber Technologies Inc. self-driving test vehicle that killed a pedestrian in Arizona earlier this year may have been able to avoid the crash had the ride-hailing company not disabled Volvo Cars’ safety system, according to a safety group. In a report Tuesday, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety criticized Uber for turning off Volvo’s collision-avoidance technology in the XC90 sport utility vehicle that struck and killed a woman in Tempe on March 18. The insurer group’s chief research officer, David Zuby, vouched for the effectiveness of Volvo’s system, saying it would have prevented or mitigated the crash. “I think it’s possible that, had the system been able to intervene, the fatality may not have occurred,” Zuby said in a phone interview. “I would argue that if developers of self-driving technology really intend to make our roads safer, they had better make sure they have the best crash-avoidance systems in place before they go out on the road.” Spoiler The fatality spurred Uber’s suspension of public road testing with its self-driving vehicles, and raised questions about both the safety of the company’s technology and its protocols with regards to use of human backup drivers. Police said in June that the woman behind the wheel in the Uber SUV was streaming the popular television show “The Voice” on her mobile phone in the moments before the crash. An Uber spokesman said the company is still an active party to a U.S. National Transportation Board investigation, and that the agency hasn’t released a final report on the incident. Uber has put a set of safeguards in place to improve its self-driving operations and plans to publish a voluntary safety self-assessment in the coming months, the spokesman said. said in a preliminary report in May that sensors on Uber’s SUV detected the female pedestrian, who was crossing a street at night outside a crosswalk. But Uber told the agency’s investigators that automatic emergency braking maneuvers weren’t enabled while the vehicle was under computer control, to reduce the potential for “erratic vehicle behavior.” The company left braking up to the safety driver and didn’t design its system to alert the human operator. “Uber decided to forgo a safety net in its quest to teach an unproven computer-control system how to drive,” Zuby said in IIHS’s report."